Microfracture is a surgical option used in the treatment of areas of damaged cartilage. When a patient has a small area of damaged cartilage (not widespread arthritis), microfracture may be performed in an attempt to stimulate new cartilage growth.
A shoulder separation is an injury to the acromioclavicular joint on the top of the shoulder. The shoulder joint is formed at the junction of three bones: the collarbone (clavicle), the shoulder blade (scapula), and the arm bone (humerus). The scapula and clavicle form the socket of the joint, and the humerus has a round head that fits within this socket.
If you have knee pain due to a meniscus tear, you may benefit from physical therapy to help you regain normal motion in your knee and improve your overall strength and mobility. Your physical therapist can show you what you need to do—and what you should avoid—to help you recover fully from a knee meniscus injury.
The sensation of knee instability or weak knees, which many describe as the knee "giving out," may occur suddenly or develop gradually over time. It may be the only symptom of a problem or be accompanied by signs such as popping, locking, pain, bruising, or swelling.
Shoulder pain, stiffness or weakness can make it difficult to carry out everyday tasks, like reaching for something on a high shelf, driving a car or brushing your hair. If you have pain that won’t go away, it’s time to see a doctor.
Treatment of sore muscles after exercise is focused on reducing the inflammation and allowing the sore muscle to heal properly. Some treatments recommended for muscle soreness have a scientific basis, others do not.