For patients with knee osteoarthritis, a single intra-articular injection of autologous adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) can reduce pain and inflammation, according to research published online May 23 in Stem Cells Translational Medicine.
For athletes and highly active patients who sustain cartilage injuries to their knee, an osteochondral allograft transplantation can be a successful treatment option, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine’s (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Colorado Springs, CO.
Results from a retrospective, multicenter study by French researchers that investigated treatment options for infection after reverse shoulder arthroplasty supported the use of debridement as a first-line treatment, but noted this option had a 54% healing rate.
A new study, published November 15, in the journal Pain provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery—total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint replacement surgery. Hip-replacement surgery is commonly followed by long-term reductions in the use of prescription drugs for pain and insomnia.
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has released Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) to assist in the treatment and rehabilitation of pediatric patients with osteochondritis dissecans of the femoral condyle, also known as OCDknee.
Researchers of this study note that although the open Latarjet procedure provided significant improvement in clinical scores for patients with anterior shoulder instability and glenoid bone loss, 90.5% of patients showed graft resorption on CT at 1-year postoperatively.
"The truth is that football is a contact sport, more than any other," she said. "That's part of the game, and as a result we always see injuries. So it may be that we have to do a kind of a risk-benefit analysis.
During recovery after knee replacement surgery, exercise is critical. After initial recovery, patients will want to resume more strenuous activities. In addition to exercise prescribed by a physical therapist, several studies have shown patients who participated in athletic activities prior to surgery will want to continue this practice after surgery. However, how much activity and how strenuous this activity should be remains unclear.