Arthroscopic evaluation of acute unstable ankle fractures performed in conjunction with open reduction and internal fixation did not appear to have an effect on the patient-reported function at mid-term follow-up, but investigators used arthroscopy to perform intra-articular treatments that would have been impossible to carry out otherwise, according to an investigator from Chicago.
10-million Americans have osteoporosis and 18-million more are at risk. The bone disease leads to an increase in fractures in the hip, spine and wrist accounting for one-point-five million painful fractures each year and one woman's harrowing story of recovery is inspiring.
Researchers from Denmark have uncovered a potential link between oral contraceptive use and instances of ACL injuries that required surgical intervention in women. The researchers evaluated 4,497 women who were treated operatively for an ACL injury between July 2005 and December 2011 and 8,858 age-matched, uninjured controls.
Prompt and appropriate treatment of a dislocated shoulder -- when the head of the upper arm bone is completely knocked out of the shoulder socket -- can minimize risk for future dislocations as well as the effects of related bone, muscle and nerve injuries, according to a literature review.
Regular mental imagery exercises help preserve arm strength during 4 weeks of immobilization, researchers have found. Strength is controlled by a number of factors -- the most studied by far is skeletal muscle. However, the nervous system is also an important, though not fully understood, determinant of strength and weakness. In this study, researchers set out to test how the brain's cortex plays into strength development.
Shoulder arthroplasty can be performed for the treatment of the sequelae of an infected shoulder with low risk of reinfection, according to study results.
Twenty-four shoulders underwent shoulder arthroplasty for postinfectious glenohumeral arthritis between 1977 and 2009. Researchers monitored 23 shoulders for a minimum of 2 years or until reoperation and documented complications and clinical and radiographic results at the most recent follow-up.
A “therapy car” is being used by physical and occupational therapists to help patients recovering from hip and knee replacement surgery simulate getting in and out of a real vehicle without falling or injuring themselves.
Concurrently, Virginia Mason's application for a patent on this invention is being reviewed by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Studies dating back nearly 20 years have shown a correlation between surgeon volume and the rate of complications in total hip arthroplasty, with higher-volume surgeons yielding lower complication rates.
“There are a fair number of studies now that establish pretty clearly that volume matters — independent of the volume done by the hospital,” said Jeffrey N. Katz, MD, MSc, professor of medicine and orthopedic surgery at Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Women’s Hospital in Boston.